What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the cold war, or the passing of a particular period of postwar history, but the end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of western liberal democracy as the final form of human government. This will largely depend on the level of history that you are working on and the type of essay you are writing however, a good conclusion will generally involve a restatement of the thesis that you began your essay with and will leave the reader with a few final thoughts related to the essay's subject this version of how to end an essay. It's still not the end of history twenty-five years after francis fukuyama's landmark essay, liberal democracy is increasingly beset its defenders need to go back to the basics.
When his book the end of history and the last man appeared three years later, the qualifying question mark was gone the end of history thesis has been repeated enough to acquire the ring of truth – though it has also, of course, been challenged some critics have cited 9/11 as a major counterexample.
Kojève alternatively identified the end of history with the postwar american way of life, toward which he thought the soviet union was moving as well (back to text) 4. Fukuyama's essay, revised and expanded in the end of history and the last man (1992), attracted an outpouring of critical commentary and debate in both academic and mainstream media circles. The end of history by fukuyama essay sample in universally cherished article, the end of history, fukuyama provides debatable arguments over the contentious issue of “end of history” and is of the view that end of cold war is marked with the end of the progression of human history.
Fukuyama's essay, revised and expanded in the end of history and the last man (1992), attracted an outpouring of critical commentary and debate in both academic and mainstream media circles in subsequent works, trust (1995) and the great disruption (1999), he similarly attempted to elucidate and anticipate the grand forces at work behind the major social, political, and economic developments in the contemporary world. The end of the cold war is characteristically associated with the fall of the soviet empire in the late 1989 in east europe other scholars associate it with the fall of communism and the disintegration of the soviet union and of communism in 1991. Fukuyama “end of history and the last man” sumarry essay sample the subject of the book is the fact that all societies in the world, with rare exceptions and some delays and setbacks, are generally moving towards liberal democracy. I n the summer of 1989, the american magazine the national interest published an essay with the strikingly bold title the end of history its author, the political scientist francis fukuyama, announced that the great ideological battles between east and west were over, and that western liberal democracy had triumphed. Twenty-five years ago this summer, francis fukuyama announced the “end of history” and the inevitable triumph of liberal capitalist democracy his argument was simple: democracy would win out over all other forms of government because the natural desire for peace and well-being set nations on a path to progress from which it was impossible to divert.
Source: the end of history and the last man (1992), publ penguin just the introduction reproduced here transcribed: by andy blunden in 1998, proofed and corrected february 2005.
Philip larkin once said that the modern novel consists of a beginning, a muddle and an end the same is, alas, all too true of many history essays the same is, alas, all too true of many history essays. “the end of history” concerns the rise and fall of major ideologies such as absolutism, fascism and communism, and suggests that human history should be viewed in terms of a battle of ideologies which has reached its end in the universalization of western liberal democracy.