Conscription definition, compulsory enrollment of persons for military or naval service draft see more.
Word origin and history for conscription n late 14c, a putting in writing, from middle french conscription , from latin conscriptionem (nominative conscriptio ) a drawing up of a list, enrollment, a levying of soldiers, from conscribere to enroll, from com- with (see com- ) + scribere to write (see script (n). Conscription is the mandatory enlistment in a country’s armed forces, and is sometimes referred to as “the draft” the origins of military conscription date back thousands of years to ancient mesopotamia, but the first modern draft occurred during the french revolution in the 1790s.
Conscription has existed at least since ancient egypt's old kingdom (27th century bc), though universal conscription has been rare throughout history forms of conscription were used by prussia, switzerland, russia, and other european powers in the 17th and 18th centuries. Conscription is the compulsory induction of individuals into the armed services, whereas the draft is the procedure by which individuals are chosen for conscription men within a certain age group must register with the selective service for possible conscription, but conscription itself was suspended in 1973. Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service conscription dates back to antiquity and continues in some countries to the present day under various names. A timeline of the history of military conscription, often referred to as the draft, in the united states complete and comprehensive, the chronology includes detailed overviews of conscription practices in the eras of various major and minor american military and wartime actions from the colonial period to present day.
Conscription refers to the act of forcing individuals to serve in the military in addition to a formal military draft, compulsory training and militia service is also a part of conscription history. During the civil war, the us congress passes a conscription act that produces the first wartime draft of us citizens in american history the act called for registration of all males between the ages of 20 and 45, including aliens with the intention of becoming citizens, by april 1.
Meaning enlistment of soldiers is from 1520s the sense compulsory enlistment for military service (1800) is traceable to the french republic act of sept 5, 1798 technically, a conscription is the enrollment of a fixed number by lot, with options of providing a substitute.
Conscription, history, and why it matters will porter posted on november 11, 2014 in a modern era of global military empire , mass indiscriminate nsa data-grabbing , and unaccountable killer cops , an age-old issue vital to liberty is often overlooked or forgotten: that of conscription.