• ion-conducting polymers each polymer type has already found widespread use in many, mainly optical and electronic applications such as batteries, displays, plastic wires, optical signal processing, information storage, solar energy conversion, etc.
Conducting polymers p -doping) and possess a delocalized π electron band structure, the energy gap between the highest occupied π o -toluidine and m -toluidine, which are easily prepared as thin films by electrochemical oxidation from aqueous acid solutions of the appropriate monomer.
Conducting polymers have been synthesized before by mixing polymers with metal or graphite powders but in the case of a new class of materials, the conductivity was an intrinsic property but in the case of a new class of materials, the conductivity was an intrinsic property. Conductive polymers have the potential advantages of lower manufacturing cost and that they can be processed into thin films 1 electroluminescence (el) is an opto-electrical phenomenon in which a material emits light in response to an electrical current flowing through the material or to a strong electrical field.
Conducting polymers – definition, classification- extrinsic, intrinsic – mechanism of conductance in polyacetalene, structure of polyaniline- its doping applications of conducting polymers applications of conducting polymers. Conductive polymers have also been successfully polymerized inside hydrogel networks , , this allows the creations of electroactive hydrogels, which combine the redox switching capabilities of conductive polymers with the fast ion mobility and biocompatibility of hydrogels ,. Intrinsically conductive polymers like polyanilines, polypyrrols and polythiophenes become conductive by removing an electron from their conjugated π-orbitals via doping the electrical conductivity results from the delocalization of electrons along the polymer backbone - hence the term “synthetic metals.
Exploitation of polymers for the sake of plastronics in the following we will emphasise on synthetic strategies and methodologies used in the synthesis of conducting polymer rather than covering the almost limitless structural variations that one can introduce. Excitement about these polymeric materials is evidenced by the fact that the field of conducting polymers has attracted scientists from such diverse areas of interest as synthetic chemistry, electrochemistry, solid-state physics, materials science, polymer science, electronics, and electrical engineering.
Conducting polymers most organic polymers are insulators by nature however, a few intrinsically conducting polymers (icps) exist that have alternating single and double bonds along the polymer backbone (conjugated bonds) or that are composed of aromatic rings such as phenylene, naphthalene, anthracene, pyrrole, and thiophene which are connected to one another through carbon-carbon single bonds.
Aonomy speciality polymers manufactures conducting polymer (polyaniline, polypyrrole) dispersions and powders for anti-corrosion, anti-static and emi-shielding applications.